Have you ever thought about what the system of government in Qatar and what are the various bodies that make the State of Qatar run easily? We give you a breakdown of the various layers of the government in Qatar. Let’s dive straight into it.
H.H. The Amir
As we all know, H.H. the Amir, is the top of the State of Qatar and it’s the duty of everyone to respect him. He’s also the Commander-in-chief of the soldiers of Qatar and the Amir represents the State in Qatar, abroad and altogether foreign relations.
● To know about all the rulers of Qatar, click here.
Council of Ministers
The government in the State of Qatar is made by the division of powers and their interlinking in terms of functioning. The Amir has the ultimate power and as helped by the Council of Ministers and as directed in the Constitution of Qatar.
The executive power within the country is formed from the following:
● Council of Ministers
● Ministries of the State of Qatar
● Governmental Authorities
● Other Governmental Institutions and Agencies
The role of the Council of Ministries because the highest executive power in the State of Qatar is responsible for the running of all the internal and external affairs. These responsibilities are as directed in the Constitution and as recommended by the law of Qatar. The responsibilities of the governmental authorities and the other governmental institutions lie in releasing public policies and other programs in the State.
The Prime Minister of the State of Qatar
The Prime Minister of the State of Qatar is responsible for the Council of Ministers in Qatar. He manages and oversees the coordination and the smooth running of labor among the various ministries in Qatar and sees to that unity and synergy is maintained consistently. The choices made by the Council of Ministers are signed in the name or on behalf of them by the Prime Minister.
The various ministries in the State of Qatar are formed by the Amiri order on the proposal of the Prime Minister. The law indicates the powers held by the various ministries, the governmental authorities and the other governmental institutions and also specifies their competencies. They are as per the following:
● Ministry of Administrative Development, Labor & Social Affairs
● Ministry of Commerce and Industry
● Ministry of Finance
● Ministry of Culture and Sports
● Ministry of Defense
● Ministry of Foreign Affairs
● Ministry of Education and better Education
● Ministry of Endowments (Awqaf) and Islamic Affairs
● Ministry of Energy and Industry
● Ministry of Municipality and Environment
● Ministry of Transport and Communications
● Ministry of Public Health
● Ministry of Interior
● Ministry of Justice
The Electoral system & The Central Municipal Council
Qatari people over the age of 18 are eligible to vote for 30 of the 45 seats in the Consultative Assembly in Qatar. During a historic step towards democracy, in the year 1999 Qatar saw its first decisions for the Central Municipal Council. This encouraged women to run as candidates, cast their votes and participate for the first time in the process of public affairs.
The Central Municipal Council is an independent body that carries out its duties without interference and comprises 29 elected members representing 29 constituencies from in excess of 242 regions in Qatar.
The Central Municipal Council elections are held every four years and the votes are counted from the date of its first meeting.
The Shura Council
The legislative authority is called the Shura Council or the Advisory Council. The judicial authority is dependent on the courts of law and is in line with the Constitution of Qatar. The Shura Council approves the overall policy of the government , the budget of the State, and exercises control over the chief authority as directed in the constitution. The sittings of the Council are public. However, upon the request of the Council of Ministers or upon the request of 1/3rd of the members of the Council, the sittings could also be held in camera. The Council’s resolutions are passed by a majority of the attending members and when the votes are equal, the speaker shall have a deciding vote.