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COVID-19 Background and Current Status

Corona virus

COVID-19, the coronavirus pandemic that erupted at Wuhan in China and spread to the rest of the world is a concern for countries across the world. Since March 11, 2020, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Coronavirus a pandemic, the disease has spread across the world claiming 114,290 lives. Globally, the confirmed coronavirus cases stand at 1,851, 531, while 385,790 infected people have recovered from this disease.

Coronavirus has no known cure and social distancing is the only way forward. So, most countries around the world have deployed lockdown as a measure to slowdown the spread of the disease. International medical community is working overtime to develop a vaccine for COVID-19. WHO has stated that currently 70 coronavirus vaccines are in the development stage globally. These vaccines need to be tested in human trials before they can be used on patients. Even if the process is accelerated, vaccines may be available for mass distribution only by the end of 2020.

As of now most countries have been affected by this highly contagious disease that threats the existence of mankind.

United States

The US has emerged as the new epicentre of this pandemic with over 557,590 positive cases and more than 22,000 people dead. Except Wyoming, reports of death have come from all 50 states of the US.

Italy, Spain & France

Italy, Spain and France, the three severely affected countries of Europe saw widescale confirmed cases and high mortality. The highly contagious disease has crippled the health system of these European countries.

Italy recorded the second highest death toll after US with over 19,899 deaths, and the number of positive cases reached 156,363. In Spain, more than 17,489 died from this infectious disease and 87,280 active cases have been reported. France recorded over 14,000 cases of death, while the total number of infections crossed 95,403.

On the brighter side, the death rate in Italy, Spain and France appears to be reducing.

South Korea

South Korea has managed the containment of the coronavirus pandemic with a strategy involving aggressive testing, social isolation and contact tracing. Large-scale testing of people for COVID-19, in a short span of time, is the major factor in its success. In fact, it’s helping countries like the US with Covid-19 testing kits and other essential medical equipment.

Singapore

The Singapore government started temperature screenings at airports, within days of the first few cases in Wuhan, China. By mid-January, this Southeast Asian city-state had set-up a task force comprising of multiple ministries to mitigate spread of the new virus. Until March, Singapore had

been successful in keeping the daily number of cases well below 100. But last week the number has reached 287 cases per day.

China

China has reduced cases of death to single digit in Hubei, the place where COVID-19 outbreak began and spread, and no new cases. However, the country faces imported cases of the disease. So, restrictions have been imposed on people crossing its borders to mitigate the spread of the disease from other countries.

Iran

Iran is the most-affected Middle East country. Death toll from the novel coronavirus has crossed 4,585. While the total number of infected cases is more than 73,303.

India

India is working hard to counter the spread of this novel virus. A 21-days national lockdown was ordered by the Indian Prime Minister as a preventive measure to mitigate the rapid spread of the disease in the country. However, even after 20 days in lockdown the number of positive cases crossed 9000 and more than 300 people are reportedly dead. Maharashtra, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh are the most affected states. Before the end of the lockdown period several states declared extension of the lockdown, as added precaution. The governments is of the opined that it’s important to save lives first, and the economy can be revived later.

Coronaviruses or COVID-19 continues to spread across the world. The disease will continue to infect people and remain a threat to lives till a vaccine is developed and can be safely used. Until then people will be exposed to the virus and have to rely on a strong immune system to fight this contagious pathogen.

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